Hip joint surgery (hip replacement surgery) involves operative methods in which non-working or dysfunctional hip joints are replaced with an artificial and healthy joint. Fully functional prosthetic hip joints are created for surgery.
The hip pairs are ball and socket pairs which means these joints can be bent or moved in many directions. The femur head (upper part of the thigh bone) is the ball of the hip joint and the acetabulum is its socket. Partial replacement surgery of the hip joint only involves the hip ball being replaced. In total replacement surgery of the hip joints the socket is reconstituted (manufactured) by replacing the hip ball.
This surgery is performed by a prosthetic specialist. An artificial limb is a human-made body part that performs normal functions just like a real organ. The surgery lasts for about 1-2 hours. It is a very meticulous procedure and is done by a doctor who specializes in the field of orthopedics.
Total Hip Replacement Surgery
It is important to treat any health condition in which there is a problem in the operation of the hip joints on either side. Sometimes medication, physiotherapy, or exercise may also help. However, sometimes these treatment methods are not able to help in healing the hip joints. It may also happen that the hip joints have suffered more damage, which cannot be corrected only by traditional methods. Surgery is required in such situations. If the hip joints are so damaged that they are difficult to fix, then surgery is done to replace them. Following are some of the situations in which surgery to replace hip joints may be required: –
Arthritis of the hip joints is common because whenever the feet move in these joints, there is always action. The pelvis and thigh bone make up the hip joints. Where these bones meet there is a layer of cartilage that acts like a pillow and protects the surface of bones from collision. Constant use of the joints causes them to start rubbing, causing them to deteriorate or perish. This causes arthritis. Gout progresses slowly causing cartilage and wear and tear. Arthritis limits a person’s ability to walk or function properly. If the damage is greater and cannot be cured with any treatment, surgery may be needed to replace the joints.
Necrosis of hip joints:
The structure of the hip joint is something like this: a round protrusion (protruding part) of the thigh bone that sits in the circular cavity (cavity) of the pelvic bone. It is a compact structure. The blood vessel in this structure can sometimes be obstructed. It worsens hip joints. In such a situation, replacing bad joints is the best option.
Symptoms (which are not cured):
Pain in all the work done by the hip or walking in diseases of the hip joints; Stiffness; Symptoms such as weakness in the legs due to overuse of muscles, inability to hit or sit, difficulty in standing or sitting or standing are found. If the disease of the hip joints increases, then the symptoms also increase quickly.
Failure of Arthroscopy:
In arthroscopy, a video camera is inserted inside the hip joints and internal structures are seen. If there is any diseased cartilage or bone or there is unhealthy debris deposited in the joints, it is removed during arthroscopy. This helps the couple perform normal tasks again. If arthroscopy fails to provide relief, surgery may be performed to replace the entire hip joint.
With the help of complete examination of the patient’s body and information of all the past diseases, the doctor decides whether the patient needs this surgery or not. After this, the doctor prepares for surgery.